UPTGT English – Phrasal Verbs – Basic Actions

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1. fall down – If someone or something falls down when they have been in an upright position, they drop to the ground.

  • He tripped and fell down.

2. get off – If you get off something that you are on, you move your body from it, usually onto the ground.

  • He got off his bicycle.

3. get out – If you get out, you leave a place or a vehicle.

  • We got out of the car.

4. get up

I.  When someone or something gets up or gets up something, they move from a lower position or level to a

higher one.

  • By the time we’d got up to the top of the hill, we were exhausted.
  • I knew he would have difficulty getting up those steps.

II. If you get up, you rise to a standing position after you have been sitting or lying down.

  • He got up off the floor.

III. When you get up, or when someone gets you up, you get out of bed.

  • She decided it was time to get up.
  • We had to get the children up and dressed.

5. go back – If you go back, you return to a place where you were before.

  • I have to go back to the US next week.
  • It started to rain so I went back for my umbrella.

6. go in – When you go in, you enter a building.

  • Let’s go in and have some coffee.
  • I pushed open the door of the office and went in.

Note: The opposite of go in is go out.

7. go into – When you go into a room, building, or area, you enter it.

  • She went into the bedroom and shut the door.

8. go off – If you go off somewhere, you leave the place where you were, usually in order to do something.

  • He’s gone off to work.

9. keep down – If you keep down or if you keep your head down, you stay in a lying or low position in order to avoid being seen or attacked.

  • The soldier signalled to him to keep down.

10. lay down – If you lay something down, you put it down on a surface.

  • He laid the baby gently down on the changing table.

11. move up – If someone or something moves up or moves up a place, they go from a lower position to a higher one.

  • The sun had moved up in the sky.
  • We moved up the hill a few metres.

Note: The opposite of move up is move down.

12. run in – If someone runs in from outside a room or building, they enter it, moving fast.

  • I’ll run in and get them.

13. run into – To run into a place means to enter it running.

  • They had run into the nearest apartment and asked for help.

14. run on – If you run on, you continue to run in the same direction.

  • I ran on ahead.

15. run out

I.  If you run out of a room or building, you leave it, running.

  • He ran out of the room and down the stairs.

II. If a substance runs out from somewhere, it flows from there.

  • Water was running out from under the front door of the house.

16. sit down – If you sit down or sit yourself down, you lower your body until you are sitting on something.

  • We were both looking for a place to sit down.
  • She sat herself down beside me.

Note:  The opposite of sit down is stand up.

17. stand up – If you stand up, you change your position so that you are standing rather than sitting or lying.

  • The pupils stand up when the teacher comes into the room.

Note: You can also use get up.

18. turn back – If you turn back or are turned back, you stop a journey and return towards the place you started from.

  • It was getting dark, so we turned back.
  • We were turned back by heavy snow.

Exercise 1: Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.

1. We enjoyed it and would really like to go on / in / back one day.

2. Could you run into / away / in and get my glasses?

3. It started raining so they turned out/on / back and went home.

4. Chloe went on / off/ into the shop and bought some water.

5. Grandma walked slowly, but the children ran on / with / onto.

6. Zack went onto / with / in and ordered a drink.


Exercise 2: Match sentence halves 1-6 with A-F to make complete sentences.

1. Mrs Todd came running out           A. to get ourselves up.

2. A lot of the people                            B. and scattered all over the floor.

3. I remember running into                  C. were turned back at the border.

4. I went back to the kitchen                  D. and stood at the side of the road.

5. The pile of books fell down              E. the playroom in tears.

6. We had until 7:15                      F. to continue cooking.


Exercise 3: Choose the best answer to complete the sentences.

1. After a while we all sat down / stood up / fell down to eat.

2. Someone fell down / stood up / went into in the middle of the hall and asked a question.

3. She went into /sat down / got up and walked across the room.

4. She laid the book down / moved the book up / ran the book out on the table.

5. I ran out / sat down / went into and slammed the door.

6. I need to get off / get out / turn back of New York for a while.


Exercise 4: Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs given below.

get off / run in / move up / lay down / get up / get out

1. Brody_____ of bed at 8:30 this morning.

2. I need to _____ early tomorrow for work.

3. He _____ through the open door and sat down in the living room.

4. I saw something _____ that tree over there.

5. I took a fifty dollar bill and _____ it _____ on the counter.

6. He _____ his stool and went to the door.


Answers:

Exercise 1: 1-back, 2-in, 3-back, 4-into, 5-on, 6-in

Exercise 2: 1-D, 2-C, 3-E, 4-F, 5-B, 6-A

Exercise 3: 1-sat down, 2- stood up, 3-got up, 4-laid the book down, 5-ran out, 6-get out

Exercise 4: 1-got out, 2-get up, 3-ran in, 4-moving up, 5- laid (it) down 6-got off

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