English Comprehension – Very Short Passages 11-20

Passage 13 – The competitive civil-service system is designed to give candidates fair and equal treatment and to ensure that federal applicants are hired based on objective criteria.Hiring has to be based solely on a candidate’s knowledge, skills, and abilities (which you’ll sometimes see abbreviated as ksa), and not on external factors such as race, religion, sex, and so on.Whereas employers in the private sector can hire employees for subjective reasons, federal employers must be able to justify their decision with objective evidence that the candidate is qualified.

I. The paragraph best supports the statement that
a. hiring in the private sector is inherently unfair.
b. ksa is not as important as test scores to federal employers.
c. federal hiring practices are simpler than those employed by the private sector.
d. the civil service strives to hire on the basis of a candidate’s abilities.

II. The federal government’s practice of hiring on the basis of ksa frequently results in the hiring of employees
a. based on race, religion, sex, and so forth.
b. who are unqualified for the job.
c. who are qualified for the job.
d. on the basis of subjective judgment.

Answer is on the last page.


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