(1) A pioneer leader for women’s rights, Susan B. Anthony became one of the leading women reformers of the nineteenth century. In Rochester, New York, she began her first public crusade on behalf of temperance. The temperance movement dealt with the abuses of women and children who suffered from alcoholic husbands. Also, she worked tirelessly against slavery and for women’s rights. Anthony helped write the history of woman suffrage.
(2) At the time Anthony lived, women did not have the right to vote. Because she voted in the 1872 election, a U.S. Marshall arrested Anthony. She hoped to prove that women had the legal right to vote under the provisions of the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments to the Constitution. At her trial, a hostile federal judge found her guilty and fined her $100, which she refused to pay.
(3) Anthony did not work alone. She collaborated with reformers of women’s rights such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Amelia Bloomer. Susan worked for the American Anti-Slavery Society with Frederick Douglass, a fugitive slave and black abolitionist. On July 2, 1979, the U.S. Mint honored her work by issuing the Susan B. Anthony dollar coin. Although Anthony did not live to see the fruits of her efforts, the establishment of the nineteenth amendment is indebted to her efforts.
1. What is the main idea of the passage?
a. Reformers do not always see the results of their efforts.
b. Susan B. Anthony never gave up her fight for all people’s freedoms.
c. Slavery was one of Susan B.Anthony’s causes.
d. Anthony did not condone the use of alcohol.
2. Anthony advocated all of the following EXCEPT
a. Slavery should be abolished.
b. Alcohol should be prohibited because of the abuse it causes.
c. Women are citizens and should have the right to vote.
d. Employers should provide child care for female employees.
3. An effective reformer is
a. a person who has the support of family and friends.
b. an activist who can enlist the help of others to promote a cause.
c. a person who is knowledgeable about a particular cause.
d. a person who ignores what others think.
4. The underlined word crusade in paragraph 1 most nearly means
a. a war against the infidels in the Middle Ages.
b. a quest to fight evil.
c. a battle against authority.
d. a campaign to work tirelessly for one’s beliefs.
5. What would historians say was Susan Anthony’s greatest achievement?
a. She collaborated with abolitionists to rid the country of slavery.
b. She was an activist and raised a family at the same time.
c. Her tireless efforts to guarantee women the right to vote led to the establishment of the nineteenth amendment to the
d. She was a leader in the temperance movement.
6. In which of the following ways did the U.S. Mint honor her life’s work?
a. The Susan B. Anthony stamp was issued.
b. The Susan B. Anthony dollar was created.
c. The Susan B. Anthony Memorial Park was built in Rochester.
d. Susan B. Anthony dolls were created.
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