Kamala Das – Biography

Kamala Surayya Kamala Das (1934–2009) was a famous Indian poet and novelist who wrote in both English and Malayalam, her mother tongue. While writing in Malayalam, she used the pen name Madhavikutty. She was born in Thrissur, Kerala into a fairly privileged family. Her mother, Nalapat Balamani Amma was a well-known Malayali poet who had … Continue reading Kamala Das – Biography

Jane Austen – Pride and Prejudice Volume I (Practice Questions)

Q1. The novel begins with the following statement: “It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of _________ .”a. a wifeb. a house in the countryc. a good educationd. nothing Q2. This opening statement hints at events that will be important in the … Continue reading Jane Austen – Pride and Prejudice Volume I (Practice Questions)

Literary Devices – Tragedy (Explanation & Examples)

Tragedy The term is applied to literary and dramatic representations of serious actions which eventuate in a disastrous conclusion for the protagonist (the chief character). More precise discussion of the tragic form properly begin with Aristotle’s classic analysis in the Poetics (fourth century BC). Aristotle based his theory on induction from the tragedies of Greek … Continue reading Literary Devices – Tragedy (Explanation & Examples)

Francis Bacon – Of Studies (Essay Summary)

Of Studies by Francis Bacon : Original TEXT Studies serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use for delight, is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse; and for ability, is in the judgment, and disposition of business. For expert men can execute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by … Continue reading Francis Bacon – Of Studies (Essay Summary)

William Shakespeare – Sonnet 29 (Poem Summary)

Sonnet 29 : When in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes, Sonnet 29 by Shakespeare When in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes,I all alone beweep my outcast state,And trouble deaf heav’n with my bootless cries,And look upon my self, and curse my fate;Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,Featured like him, like … Continue reading William Shakespeare – Sonnet 29 (Poem Summary)

William Shakespeare – Biography

William Shakespeare (1564-1616) William ShakespeareBORN: 1564, Stratford-upon-Avon, EnglandDIED: 1616, Stratford-upon-Avon, EnglandNATIONALITY: British, EnglishGENRE: Poetry, DramaMAJOR WORKS:Romeo and Juliet (1595–1596)Sonnets (1590s)Hamlet (1600–1601)King Lear (1605)The Tempest (1611) OverviewWilliam Shakespeare drew upon elements of classical literature to create distinctly English forms of poetry and drama. His work was hardly limited to strict classical idioms, however; he successfully utilized … Continue reading William Shakespeare – Biography

Literary Devices – Allegory (Explanation & Examples)

An allegory is a narrative (both in prose or poem) in which the agents and actions and sometimes the setting as well are contrived by the author to make coherent sense on the literal or primary level of signification, and at the same time to communicate a second, correlated order of signification. We can distinguish … Continue reading Literary Devices – Allegory (Explanation & Examples)

Edmund Spenser – Biography

Edmund Spenser (1552-1599) BORN: 1552, LondonDIED: 1599, LondonNATIONALITY: EnglishGENRE: PoetryMAJOR WORKS:The Shepheardes Calender (1579)The Faerie Queene (1590, 1596)‘‘Amoretti’’ and ‘‘Epithalamion’’ (1595)Prothalamion (1596)A View of the Present State of Ireland (1633) OverviewEnglish poet Edmund Spenser was a man of his times, and his work reflects the religious, humanistic, and nationalistic ideals of Elizabethan England. His contributions … Continue reading Edmund Spenser – Biography

Thomas Gray – Biography

Thomas Gray (1716-1771) BORN: 1716, London, EnglandDIED: 1771, Cambridge, EnglandNATIONALITY: BritishGENRE: Poetry, nonfictionMAJOR WORKS:‘‘Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College’’ (1747)‘‘Ode on the Spring’’ (1748)‘‘Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard’’ (1751)Essays and Criticism (1911) OverviewThomas Gray is generally regarded as a transitional figure in eighteenth-century poetry, providing a bridge between the poetic sensibility of … Continue reading Thomas Gray – Biography

Sylvia Plath – Daddy (Poem Summary)

You do not do, you do not doAny more, black shoeIn which I have lived like a footFor thirty years, poor and white,Barely daring to breathe or Achoo. Daddy, I have had to kill you.You died before I had time——Marble-heavy, a bag full of God,Ghastly statue with one gray toeBig as a Frisco seal And … Continue reading Sylvia Plath – Daddy (Poem Summary)